Priority Queue is a data structure that is used to return lowest or highest values in a specified time. It is useful in answering “**top**” or “**bottom**” “**n**” questions. Its implementation is fairly simple and follows an algorithm. The algorithm can be used for any number of data types.

## Priority Queue supports min priority queue

*Python* supports both a min and max priority queue. It is easy to switch between them in Python *code*. Priority Queues can be used for a variety of different purposes, such as scheduling emails or scheduling events. Python has an in-built feature to sort a priority queue based on its elements.

A priority queue contains nodes that are ordered by priority. The highest priority is the root node. A new node is added to the heap and compared to its parent to determine its priority. The parent is then removed, and the new node replaces it. This operation maintains the heap invariant.

A priority queue uses an ordering method that is more specialized than the ordinary one. Instead of working with first-come-first-serve principles, it assigns a value to each element and then returns the elements according to that priority.

This method allows you to serve the element with the highest priority first and the lowest priority one last. Priority queues are commonly used in algorithms as well as computer scheduling.

A priority queue is implemented using a heap. Each element in the queue has a key that quantifies its priority and an index that determines where in the heap it is located. When a request is made on one node, it will be given priority over all the neighboring nodes.

Python has several options for implementing a priority queue. Both max and min heaps use heaps, with the biggest element at the root. Using heaps, you can implement either a min or max priority queue using the insert function. In addition, you can use the maximum and minimum functions to extract the maximum or minimum of any element in a queue.

Python’s heapq module implements a binary min-heap on top of a list. Java’s priority queue library provides a PriorityQueue class. Go also has a priority queue library. It also has a container/heap module. Lastly, the standard PHP Library extension offers a priority queue in CFBinaryHeap.

Min geeks priority queues also support random deletion. The min geeks priority queue guarantees that operations take logarithmic time and are not recursive. Similarly, a max-oriented binary heap supports both insert and remove in constant time. This algorithm has a low space cost.

## C++ supports max priority queue

The C++ support for MaxGeek Priority Queue can be used to manage the order of the elements in a priority queue. The priority queue is a container for data objects. It is possible to manage multiple priorities at once by implementing a custom function object. It is similar to the function object we implemented in the previous section, and it takes two class objects as arguments and returns the result of the comparison.

A priority queue is a collection of elements in a list and can be ordered by any criteria. The priority queue can be arranged in the same way as an Array with **popLast()** and **removeLast()** methods. It can even be sorted by the Comparable requirement, although this requirement can be relaxed to store a comparison closure.

The underlying implementation of PriorityQueue is provided in the C++ 1998 standard. It is implemented by the container adaptor class, which adheres to the abstract data type definition.

This means that, in C++, we can use a priority queue to perform heap sorting and priority scheduling. It also supports interrupt handling and load balancing.

Although this is not a heap, it is similar to a list, and can be implemented using a heap or unordered array. C++ has a method for popping elements from the queue, called **get_maximum_element()**.

However, this method can be slow, and future work on this feature should focus on making the implementation more efficient.

A priority queue can contain elements from least to greatest. A one-hundredth element has the highest priority, while a twenty-two-hundredth element has the lowest. The order of elements in a priority queue is determined by the value of each element.

If a node does not have an element with the highest value, it is removed first. This process is repeated until all elements are in the same position.

As with any other data structure, the priority queue supports priority ordering. The highest priority element is retrieved first, and the lowest one is removed last.

A priority queue supports three operations: insert, remove, and fetch. It also supports ascending and descending priority ordering. This allows for efficient data processing.

Priority queues can be efficiently implemented using an array, linked list, or heap. The heap data structure offers the most efficient implementation for Priority Queues.

In this tutorial, we will use a heap data structure for our Priority Queue. The heap data structure has the advantage of being compact and efficient.